Skincare Regulations in the European Union: A Summary

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Skincare Regulations in the European Union

This guide covers requirements for skincare products, such as body lotion and soap. While we mainly focus on the Cosmetic Products Regulation and how the regulation relates to skin care products, we also cover the REACH Regulation, POPs Regulation, and Commission Decision (EU) 2021/1870.

Methodology: We list examples of skincare products provided in Annexes II to V of the Cosmetic Products Regulation. Also, we list examples of restricted substances from the following sources:

a. Annex II of the Cosmetic Products Regulation

b. Annex III to V of the Cosmetic Products Regulation (only substances for which skincare products are specifically mentioned)

c. Commission Decision (EU) 2021/1870 establishing the EU Ecolabel criteria for cosmetic products and animal care products (only substances for skincare care products are specifically mentioned)

d. REACH Regulation

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Hair Care Regulations in the European Union: A Summary

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Hair Care Regulations in the European Union
This guide covers requirements for hair care products, such as hair sprays and hair lotions. We primarily explain the Cosmetic Products Regulation regulates substances in hair care products. We also explain the relevance of other regulations such as REACH, and the POPs Regulation in the context of hair care products.

Methodology: We provide examples of hair care products mentioned in Annexes II to V of the Cosmetic Products Regulation. Additionally, we list examples of banned and restricted substances from the following sources:

a. Annex II to V of the Cosmetic Products Regulation (only substances for which hair care products are mentioned)

b. Commission Decision (EU) 2021/1870 establishing the EU Ecolabel criteria for cosmetic products and animal care products (only substances for which hair care products are mentioned)

c. REACH Regulation

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Cosmetic Substance Restrictions in the European Union

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Cosmetic Substance Restrictions in the European Union

Cosmetics made for the EU market must comply with certain substance restrictions. Some substances are prohibited, while limits apply to others. In some cases, there are also positive substance restrictions, in the sense that only certain substances can be used.

In short, understanding the status of the substances used in your cosmetic products is essential when selling in the EU. This guide takes a closer look at these restrictions in the Cosmetic Products Regulation, REACH, and the POPs regulation.

Methodology: In this guide we provide examples of restricted substances that are relevant to cosmetics, taken from the following sources:

a. Annex II to VI and Articles 15 to 17 of the Cosmetic Products Regulation

b. REACH Regulation

c. POPs Regulation

d. Toy Safety Directive

e. Commission Decision (EU) 2021/1870 establishing the EU Ecolabel criteria for cosmetic products and animal care products

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EU Cosmetic Products Regulation: An Essential Guide

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The Cosmetic Products Regulation establishes requirements for cosmetic products in the European Union, such as makeup, hair care products, skin care products, and more. In this guide we break down the requirements of the Cosmetic Products Regulation, including substance restrictions, safety assessment, labelling, and documentation.

In addition, we also list other regulations that are relevant to cosmetics, such as the REACH regulation and CLP regulation.

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Baby Pacifier Regulations & Standards in the European Union: An Overview

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Baby pacifier

Baby pacifiers, teats, and similar products are subject to strict safety standards and substance restrictions. In this guide, we explain the main requirements of relevant regulations such as the Teats and Soothers Directive, the General Product Safety Regulation, REACH, and more.

We also explain why you should not assume that pacifiers manufactured outside the EU are designed to comply with European Union safety requirements.
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AC Adapter Regulations in the European Union: An Overview

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AC Adapter Safety Standards in the EU

AC adapters are a type of power supply used to charge phones, laptops, and other electronic devices. These products are subject to several regulations in the European Union, including the Low Voltage Directive, the EMC Directive, and Regulation (EU) 2019/1782, which is an implementing measure under the Ecodesign Directive.

In this guide, we cover requirements of various regulations and directives applicable to AC adapters. We also explain lab testing requirements and risk factors.
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Clothing and Textiles Regulations in the European Union: A Complete Guide

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Clothing and textile products imported and manufactured for sale in the European Union are subject to various regulations and standards. This includes labelling requirements, chemical restrictions, flammability requirements, and safety standards specific to children’s apparel.

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Authorised Representatives under the General Product Safety Regulation

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Authorised Representatives under GSPR

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The General Product Safety Regulation (GPSR) affects consumer products sold in the EU markets and is set to replace the General Product Safety Directive (GPSD) on 13 December 2024. In comparison to a directive, this is a regulation which means that the GPSR is directly applicable in all EU member states.

One of the major differences between the GPSR and the GPSD, is that the GPSR sets requirements for a responsible person who must be established in the EU.


A product covered by this Regulation shall not be placed on the market unless there is an economic operator established in the Union who is responsible for the tasks set out in Article 4(3) of Regulation (EU) 2019/1020 in respect to that product. […]


Thus, virtually all consumer products must be connected to economic operators based in the EU. In practice, this would mean that businesses from outside of the EU must approach an authorised representative to comply with the GPSR and place their products in the EU market. In the past, this requirement was only affecting products covered by CE marking directives or regulations, as required by the Market Surveillance Regulation.

In this guide, we address common questions associated with the requirement for an authorised representative.
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General Product Safety Regulation (GPSR): An Essential Guide

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The General Product Safety Regulation (GPSR) is a new regulation that will replace the General Product Safety Directive (GPSD). Its purpose is to set safety and other requirements for all consumer products, regardless of whether product-specific regulations, directives, or standards exist.

This is already the case with the GPSD, but the GPSR goes beyond the GPSD in some aspects. The GPSR also provides more detailed requirements, for example, in terms of product and packaging labelling.

In this guide, we help you better understand the new GPSR and the steps you must take before it finally replaces the GPSD.
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Medical Devices Labelling Requirements in the European Union

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Medical Devices Labelling Requirements EU
Products covered by the Medical Devices Regulation are required to be accompanied by labelling information, such as CE marking, traceability information, notified body information, and instructions.

This guide serves as an introduction to labelling requirements in the context of the Medical Devices Regulation.
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