• List of Products Covered by the Battery Directive: An Overview

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    Battery Directive Product List

    In this article, we list different types of batteries covered by the EU Battery Directive 2006/66/EC, including lithium batteries, nickel-cadmium batteries, button cell batteries, and other types of batteries. In addition, we also list relevant EN standards.

    What is the Battery Directive?

    The Battery Directive covers both heavy metals restrictions and labeling requirements. In addition, its scope also includes collection and recycling.

    Lithium Batteries

    The Battery Directive regulates lithium batteries including lithium-ion batteries, lithium-ion polymer batteries and lithium metal batteries sold in the EU market. For instance, it sets limits for the use of hazardous substances used in lithium batteries.

    Notice that lithium batteries are not covered under the RoHS Directive, and the restricted level of hazardous substances such as mercury, and cadmium, shall comply with the Battery Directive instead.

    EN standards

    • EN 60086-4 – Safety of lithium batteries
    • EN 62133 – Safety requirements for portable sealed secondary cells

    Examples

    • Lithium-ion battery product
    • Lithium-ion polymer battery product
    • Lithium metal battery product

    Nickel-Cadmium Batteries

    Nickel-Cadmium batteries are rechargeable batteries commonly used for portable devices such as video cameras and emergency lighting. A Nickel-Cadmium battery is considered a sealed battery and it is covered under the Battery Directives.

    The recycling processes of Nickel-cadmium batteries are also specified by the Battery Directive. For instance, Nickel-cadmium batteries must meet a minimum of 75% by average weight for recycling which is slightly higher than other batteries (50% in general).

    EN standards

    • EN 2985 – Nickel-cadmium batteries of format A type
    • EN 2991 – Nickel-cadmium batteries of format E type
    • EN 2993 – Nickel-cadmium batteries of format F type

    Examples

    • Nickel-Cadmium Batteries for portable devices
    • Nickel-Cadmium Batteries for camcorders
    • Nickel-Cadmium Batteries for remote cars

    Button Cell Batteries

    Non-rechargeable batteries such as button cell batteries are classified as portable batteries and regulated by the Battery Directive aiming at improving the environmental performance and the waste management of batteries.

    Button cell batteries are widely used in hearing aids, watches, calculators, and other portable devices. Button cell batteries shall not contain an excessive amount of restricted substances in order to prevent health risks to customers.

    EN standards

    • EN 62133 – Safety requirements for portable sealed secondary cells
    • EN 61951 – Secondary sealed cells and batteries for portable application

    Examples

    • Silver button cell batteries
    • Zinc-air button cell batteries
    • Mercury button cell batteries

    Alkaline Batteries

    Alkaline batteries can be found in many household items including remote controls, weights, alarm clocks, and toys. The Battery Directive set limits on the substances present on Alkaline batteries to ensure the safety requirements for regular use.

    For instance, Alkaline batteries shall comply with the requirements of substance restricted (e.g mercury or cadmium) under the Battery Directive. Meanwhile, if your Alkaline batteries contain more than the restricted amount of hazardous substances, then you shall label the corresponding chemical symbol on the batteries.

    EN standards

    • EN 61959 – Mechanical tests for sealed secondary alkaline batteries
    • EN 61434 – Standards designation of current in alkaline secondary cell and batteries

    Examples

    • AA Alkaline batteries
    • AAA Alkaline batteries
    • C Alkaline batteries
    • D Alkaline batteries
    • N Alkaline batteries

    Lead-Acid Batteries

    Lead-acid batteries can be used in applications such as automotive, lighting, and backup power. The Battery Directive sets requirements for the lead-acid batteries’ recycling process, and hazardous substance contained.

    For example, the Battery Directive requires that the recycling processes of lead-acid batteries must achieve a minimum efficiency of 65%, and the batteries must be removable from appliances.

    EN standards

    • EN 61056 – General requirements for lead-acid batteries
    • EN 60896 – General requirements for stationary lead-acid batteries

    Examples

    • Flooded lead-acid batteries
    • Sealed lead-acid batteries
    • Deep cycle lead-acid batteries

    Automotive Batteries

    Various types of batteries can be applied to your vehicles such as starting, lighting and ignition batteries. All automotive batteries are also regulated by the Battery Directive to ensure safety and recycling performance.

    Compare with other batteries, automotive batteries have a larger size in general, therefore they are not easy to collect or recycle. As such, there is no collection target for automotive batteries under the directive, as they are mainly collected by car dismantling factories.

    EN standards

    • EN 62840 – Safety requirements for electric vehicle battery swap system
    • EN 50604 – General safety requirements and test methods for batteries of light electric vehicle

    Examples

    • Deep cycle batteries
    • Valve-regulated lead-acid batteries
    • Flooded batteries

    Industrial Batteries

    Unlike the batteries used in consumer applications, industrial batteries are required to be more rugged and capable of self-powering. They are designed exclusively for use in an industrial environment.

    Certain types of batteries are used as industrial batteries, such as lead-acid batteries and Nickel-cadmium batteries. Among all types of industrial batteries, 96% of the industry in the EU use lead-acid batteries for power supply.

    EN standards

    • EN 62620 – Secondary lithium batteries for use in industrial applications
    • EN 62619 – Safety requirements for secondary alkaline for use in industrial applications

    Examples

    • Vented lead-acid batteries
    • Valve-regulated lead-acid batteries
    • Nickel-cadmium batteries
    • Alkaline storage batteries
    • Lithium storage batteries

    Products Exempted from the Battery Directive

    The Battery Directive applies to most batteries placed on the EU market. However, some batteries are not covered by the Battery Directive, as they are covered by other directives or regulations due to its application.

    Here we list some examples:

    • Fuel-cells batteries
    • Classical capacitors
    • Super-capacitors

    Additional Resources

    1. The EU Battery Directive

    2. Electronic Product Regulations in the European Union

    3. Amazon Electronics Requirements For Sellers

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    Disclaimer: The content on this website is provided for general information only. The content includes summaries written by our team members based on publicly available information about product safety standards, labeling, documentation, testing, processes, and other product compliance related topics. However, we don’t guarantee that we cover every single relevant regulation/standard/requirement, or that the information is free from errors, or covering every single scenario and exemption. We do make mistakes from time to time. We never provide legal advice of any sort.

    Changes/Updates: Product standards and substance restrictions are subject to frequent updates and changes. In addition, new regulations, standards, and/or requirements may also become effective at any time. We don’t update our articles whenever new standards/regulations/rules are added or changed. We recommend that you consult a lab testing company or other professional to get the latest information about mandatory standards/regulations in your market, country, or state. Lab testing companies generally stay up to date on new and updated standards and regulations.

    National/State-Level Standards/Regulations: Many articles don't cover all European national and US state standards, regulations, and requirements. We recommend that you consult a testing company or other professional to confirm all relevant (and current) national/state level standards and regulations.
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