• Wrist Watch Regulations & Labeling in the European Union

    Posted on 14 Comments

    Planning to import and sell wristwatches in the European Union? In this guide, we cover the essentials of watch regulations, including labeling, certification and testing requirements.

    REACH

    REACH is an EU regulation that restricts chemicals, heavy metals, and pollutants in all consumer products sold in the European Union. Here are a few examples of regulated substances:

    • Lead
    • Cadmium
    • Mercury

    Watches and straps containing excessive amounts of restricted substances are not legal to import and sell in the EU.

    Lab testing

    Third-party lab testing is the only way to verify that your watches are REACH compliant. There are various companies offering REACH testing, including SGS, Bureau Veritas, QIMA, and TUV.

    We recommend that you book REACH compliance testing before your products are shipped to the EU. Further, it’s also essential to instruct your supplier before placing the order that the products must pass third party REACH testing.

    You should not take it for granted that your supplier can ensure that the materials they procure are REACH compliant, as this is not the “default” material grade.

    Learn more

    You can learn more about REACH lab testing in this guide.

    EU watch standards

    RoHS

    RoHS restricts heavy metals in electronic components. Notice that battery-powered quartz movements are electronic components, which therefore must be RoHS compliant. However, you can make it easy for yourself by purchasing movements that are already RoHS tested.

    Movements from most major brands, including Citizen Miyota, Seiko, and Ronda are RoHS compliant. This means that additional (and costly) third party movement testing is not necessary.

    Automatic Watches

    RoHS is not applicable to automatic and mechanical watches.

    Smartwatches

    RoHS and other electronic product regulations are applicable to smartwatches.

    EMC Directive

    Quartz watches are defined as “inherently benign equipment” by the EMC directive, meaning that the requirements outlined in the EMC directive is not directly applicable. However, this is not the case if the watch is WiFi or Bluetooth enabled.

    CE Marking

    CE mark

    Products covered by the RoHS directive must also be CE marked. However, most watch brands don’t print the CE mark on the watch itself (although there are some that do), but in the user guide or packaging.

    Label files

    You must provide a digital CE label file to your supplier, preferably in .ai or .eps format. In addition, you must also specify the following:

    • Dimensions
    • Position
    • Color
    • Print type

    CE Documentation

    CE compliance requires more than the printed CE mark itself. In addition, you also need to issue a range of documents, including a Declaration of Conformity, User Manual and Technical File.

    Declaration of Conformity (DoC)

    The Declaration of Conformity is a document issued by either the importer or the manufacturer, which includes the following information:

    • Product identification/SKU (e.g. Watch Model A)
    • Product features
    • Name and address of the manufacturer/importer
    • List of EN standards or directives
    • Location
    • Responsible individual

    The DoC is the primary document used to demonstrate compliance to government bodies, retailers and even end-consumers.

    User Manual

    You must also create a user manual for your watches. Here’s a basic overview of the items you must include:

    1. How to use the watch (e.g. set time and change battery

    2. Materials and components

    3. Instructions on how to correctly dispose of the watch and the battery

    It’s also common to include the CE mark and WEEE mark in the user manual, as there may not be space on your watch or the strap to print these symbols.

    Technical File

    In addition, you must also create a technical file, which all relevant design, material, labels, packaging and other files. It’s similar to your product specification in most aspects.

    • Bill of materials (e.g. List of all watch parts)
    • Design drawings
    • Label files
    • Packaging files
    • List of applied standards and directives (e.g. RoHS)
    • Test reports
    • QC reports
    • Risk assessment

    WEEE Marking

    The WEEE symbol indicates the requirement for separate waste collection for electronics. This also includes battery-powered quartz watches.

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    Disclaimer: The content on this website is provided for general information only. The content includes summaries written by our team members based on publicly available information about product safety standards, labeling, documentation, testing, processes, and other product compliance related topics. However, we don’t guarantee that we cover every single relevant regulation/standard/requirement, or that the information is free from errors, or covering every single scenario and exemption. We do make mistakes from time to time. We never provide legal advice of any sort.

    Changes/Updates: Product standards and substance restrictions are subject to frequent updates and changes. In addition, new regulations, standards, and/or requirements may also become effective at any time. We don’t update our articles whenever new standards/regulations/rules are added or changed. We recommend that you consult a lab testing company or other professional to get the latest information about mandatory standards/regulations in your market, country, or state. Lab testing companies generally stay up to date on new and updated standards and regulations.

    National/State-Level Standards/Regulations: Many articles don't cover all European national and US state standards, regulations, and requirements. We recommend that you consult a testing company or other professional to confirm all relevant (and current) national/state level standards and regulations.
  • 14 Responses to “Wrist Watch Regulations & Labeling in the European Union

    1. Dinky at 5:36 pm

      what is List of EN standards or directives for quartz watches

      1. Fredrik Gronkvist at 11:21 am

        You need to contact a lab

    2. Oscar at 5:48 pm

      Hi, thank you for the informing article.
      Just one question, do mechanical watches need a CE marking?

      1. Fredrik Gronkvist at 11:13 am

        Hi Oscar,

        Does the mechanical watch have any electronic components?

        1. Oscar at 1:25 pm

          Hi, Fredrik.
          Thanks for the quick reply.
          The mechanical watch in question, does not have any electronic components.

    3. Hemanth at 12:50 am

      Hi Fredrik,
      I plan to sell parts of a wristwatch.(not as a whole watch), the case, hands, automatic movement, etc, sell them all individually.
      in this case, I guess only the REACH test would be sufficient for the parts made of Stainless steel, right?

      1. Fredrik Gronkvist at 1:24 pm

        Hello Hemanth,

        Not sure. I think they also test the glass, straps etc

    4. Abiodun G. Ijagbemi at 1:41 am

      How do i get the link to the Page for these regulations if i need to cite them for an academic paper?

    5. Miha Pintar at 5:14 pm

      Does mechanical or QUARTZ watches need CE mark or not to sell them in EU?

      Thank you

      1. Fredrik Gronkvist at 11:50 am

        Hi Miha,

        I don’t think it’s necessary for mechanical watches, as there is no electrical component inside. That said, RoHS applies to quartz movements and requires CE marking.

    6. Senida at 3:46 pm

      Dear Mr.,

      (RoHS is not applicable to automatic and mechanical watches.)
      (Products covered by the RoHS directive must also be CE marked)
      If watches are that automatic or mechanical, they should not have a CE mark at all, only REACH testing?
      And when confirmation (paper) of the CE mark is obtained from the Institute, after REACH testing or?

      Thank you in advance for your reply.

      Best regards

      1. Fredrik Gronkvist at 2:46 pm

        Hello Senida,

        REACH is not related to CE marking

    7. Hugo at 5:52 pm

      Does the wrist watch must comply with EMC directive?

      1. Fredrik Gronkvist at 4:20 pm

        The EMC directive is applicable to electronic products, which includes quartz watches. That said, the risk of non-compliance is very low.

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