The EU Ecodesign Directive sets energy consumption requirements for a wide range of products, including lighting products, electronic displays, refrigerators, washing machines, dishwashers, windows, and insulation materials. In this article, we explain what this means for various products covered by the Ecodesign Directive.
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What is the Ecodesign Directive?
The Ecodesign Directive establishes a framework for energy efficiency (and other eco-design requirements) for electronics and other products. Note that the Ecodesign Directive is not only applicable to electronics, such as dishwashers and air conditioners but also windows and insulation materials.
- Confirm which eco-designed-related EN standards apply to your product
- CE marking is required for products within the scope of the Ecodesign Directive
- You must also create a Declaration of Conformity and Technical File
The Ecodesign Directive set fourths mandatory Ecodesign rules for almost all lamps sold in the EU, such as energy efficiency requirements, bulb lifetime and warm-up time, in order to bring electricity savings and reduce the emission of greenhouse gases.
The Ecodesign Directive also requires an energy label attached to products. Information like the supplier’s name or trademark, the energy efficiency class, information on the weighted energy consumption in kWh per 1000 hour, should be displayed on the energy-saving label.
You can learn more about the requirements of labeling and its graphic designs for lighting products in this article.
- EN 60598 2-22: Emergency luminaires
- EN 60598 2-5: Floodlights luminaires
- EN 12193: Light and lighting – Sports lighting
- EN 12464-1: Lighting of workplaces
- LED lights
- Table lamp
- Floor lamp
- Ceiling mounted fixture
- Wall-mounted fixture
The Ecodesign Directive set up energy-saving requirements for the electronic displays that are primarily intended for household, office or commercial use, including televisions, monitors and signage displays.
Specific requirements were laid down for these products concerning the material, operation efficiency as well as energy labeling. However, note that mobile devices displays are out of the scope of the directive.
- EN 61947-1: Electronic projection
- EN 60384-18-2: Fixed capacitors for use in electronic equipment
- EN 61747-1: Liquid crystal and solid-state display devices
- EN 62595-2: LCD backlight unit
- Electronic signage displays
- Liquid crystal displays
- Computer monitors
- Professional displays
- Broadcast displays
- Security displays
The Ecodesign Directive also regulates the consumption of refrigeration products, covering energy efficiency, functionality, information and repairability, and recyclability.
As usual, energy labels are also required for refrigerators. In this case, in addition to the importer information and the energy efficiency class, you shall also add the following information:
- The annual electricity consumption in kWh
- The net volume in liters
- The climate class (3, 4 or 5)
- The dry-bulb temperature (in °C)
- The relative humidity (in %)
- EN 60704-2-14: Household and similar electrical appliances
- EN 153: Methods of measuring the energy consumption of electric mains operated household refrigerators
- EN 732: Specifications for dedicated liquefied petroleum gas appliances
- Refrigerated storage cabinets
- Refrigerated blast cabinets
- Refrigerated condensing units
- Process chillers
Washing Machines and Dishwashers
Washing machines and dishwashers are subject to the Ecodesign Directive. And such products should adhere to the ecodesign and labeling standards required by the Ecodesign Directive.
Under this directive, washing machines and dishwashers should be designed to decrease the wastage of energy such as water, electricity and at the same time lower the harm to humans and the environment to the minimum level.
The energy labeling information should include the supplier’s name or trademark, supplier’s model identifier, energy efficiency class, and the following:
- Drying efficiency class
- Annual water consumption (AW C) in liters per year
- Annual energy consumption (AEC ) in kWh per year
- Rated capacity in standard place settings
- Airborne acoustical noise emissions
- EN 60335-2-7: Household and similar electrical appliances
- EN 60456: Clothes washing machines for household use
- EN 60335-2-58: Household and similar electrical appliances
- EN 60436: Electric dishwashers for household use
- EN 60335-2-5: Household and similar electrical appliances
- Front-load washing machines
- Top-load agitators
- Top-load impellers
- Built-in dishwashers
- Freestanding dishwashers
- Portable dishwashers
Air Conditioners and Comfort Fans
The Ecodesign Directive sets up designing requirements for air conditioners and comfort fans, in order to raise the energy efficiency of these products and reduce the harmful impacts of certain fluorinated greenhouse gases on the environment.
The Directive establishes the requirements of ecodesign in these perspectives: minimum energy efficiency, maximum power consumption in off-mode and standby mode, maximum sound power level and more.
The label should display basic information such as supplier name and energy efficiency class. Additionally, technical information about the product should be included as the following:
- Text ‘SEER’ and ‘SCOP’ for cooling and heating
- Design load in kW
- The seasonal energy efficiency ratio
- Annual energy consumption in kWh per year
- Sound power levels for indoor and outdoor units
- European map with a display of three indicative heating seasons and corresponding color squares
- Rated capacity in standard place settings
- Airborne acoustical noise emissions
- EN 15879-1: Testing and rating of direct exchange ground-coupled heat pumps
- EN 14825: Air conditioners, liquid chilling packages, and heat pumps, with electrically driven compressors, for space heating and cooling
- Central air conditioners
- Mini-split air conditioners
- Window units
- Portable units
- Hybrid air conditioner
- Geothermal heating and cooling
The Ecodesign Directive sets up mandatory rules on electric motors for all importers that want to sell their products in the EU. Under the current regulation, motors must reach the IE3 efficiency level, or meet the IE2 and be equipped with a variable speed drive, an electric device that adjusts the speed of the motor.
All motors with the following products specifications are subject to the Ecodesign Directive:
- 2 to 6 poles
- rated output between 0.75kW and 1000kW
- rated voltage up to 1000V
- EN 60034-30-1: Rotating electrical machines
- EN 60038: Electric power systems
- EN 12101-3: Smoke and heat control systems
- Brushless motors
- Brushed motors
- Linear motors
- Servo motors
When it comes to welding equipment, the Ecodesign Directive 200/125/EC is mainly concerned about the energy consumption in the use phase, including when the products are in ‘idle’ mode; and resource efficiency issues concerning the equipment and the consumables used in welding processes.
- EN 60974: Arc welding equipment
- EN ISO 5172: Gas welding equipment
- Welding guns
- TIG welders
- MIG welders
- Multi-process welders
The Ecodesign Directive introduced specific requirements concerning the design of the window products, i.e facade windows, roof windows. Such products should meet certain criteria such as energy performance or efficiency, the presence (or absence) of certain substances, and emission values, in order to enhance its energy-saving performance.
The label information for window products should contain the condition for heating and cooling performance, and the energy characteristics of the window.
- EN 12608: Unplasticized polyvinyl chloride PVC-U profiles for the fabrication of windows and doors
- EN 14351–1: Windows and doors. Product standard, performance characteristics
- Roof windows
- Facade windows
Since the extension of the Directive’s scope to “other energy-related products”, also “products which do not necessarily use energy but have an impact on energy and can, therefore, contribute to saving energy”, such as insulation materials, are covered by the Directive although. The general requirements are similar to the one for windows, which we addressed in the previous section.
- EN 13472: Thermal insulating products for building equipment and industrial installations
- EN 13468-1: Plastics. Determination of the total luminous transmittance of transparent materials
- EN 13467: Thermal insulating products for building equipment and industrial installations
- EN 825: Thermal insulating products for building applications
- Mineral wool
- Natural fibers