• Bedding & Pillow Regulations in the United States: An Overview

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    Bedding Regulations United States

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    Planning to import or sell bedding products in the USA? In this guide, we explain what you must know about safety standards, labeling requirements, chemical restrictions, lab testing, fire safety, and compliance risks.

    Mentioned Products

    • Bedsheets
    • Comforters
    • Pillows
    • Pillowcases
    • Quilts

    CPSC Regulations and Bans

    General-use bed products such as bed sheets aren’t covered by any specific rules from the CPSC, other than the mandatory reporting requirement explained below.

    You should always keep in mind the obligation to report any information you receive about your product that may reasonably support the conclusion that a product:

    • fails to comply with any requirement enforced;
    • contains a defect that could pose a hazard to consumers;
    • creates an unreasonable risk of injury or death.

    Reports can be filed through the CPSC website, where you can also learn more about your legal responsibilities.

    Infant & Children’s Bedding Products: CPSIA

    CPSIA requires that your bedding products, including blankets, covers, and pillows intended for children, are fully compliant with all applicable standards, substance restrictions, and other rules.

    ASTM Standards

    If you are importing bedding products marketed to infants or children in the US, then you should adhere to the CPSIA’s requirements specified for children’s products, including:

    a. ASTM F1917-12 – Standard Consumer Safety Performance Specification for Infant Bedding and Related Accessories (link)

    You can search for more rules and standards for infant products via this page.

    CPSIA Testing

    A CPSC-approved testing company must perform third-party laboratory testing and issue a valid test report on beddings and pillows intended for children before it can be sold in the United States.

    This report only applies to the specific product being tested, meaning that you must test a sample from the production batch of the product you are importing. Test reports that the supplier provides you for any other beddings and pillows, however similar it may be, are insufficient.

    CPSC-approved testing companies are also qualified to provide guidance regarding which ASTM and CPSC rules apply to your beddings and pillows. Some testing companies even provide this as part of a requested quotation at no additional charge.

    Children’s Product Certificate (CPC)

    A Children’s Product Certificate (CPC) is a self-issued document by children’s products importers to the US. Information like the importer’s company name, supplier information, applicable standards, and information on the  CPSC accepted laboratory should be described in this document.

    You can learn more about creating a CPC in this guide.

    Ban on Infant Cushions

    16 CFR Part 1500.18 (a) (16) establishes safety standards and requirements for cushions and pillows targeted to infants. Such products will be banned from the US market if they have the following characteristics:

    • A flexible fabric covering
    • It is loosely filled with a granular material such as plastic foam beads
    • Is can be easily flattened
    • Is capable of conforming to the body or face of an infant
    • It is intended or promoted for use by children under one year of age.

    US State Regulations

    Uniform Law Label

    The International Association of Bedding and Furniture Law Officials (IABFLO) established a uniform labeling system for several products, including filled beddings such as quilts, or comforters, which has been adopted by more than 30 states, including California, New York, and Ohio.

    These products must bear a label that contains the following information:

    1. Filling materials’ composition by weight (for instance 40% Polyurethane, 60% Polyester)

    2. The text “UNDER PENALTY OF LAW THIS TAG IS NOT TO BE REMOVED EXCEPT BY CONSUMER”

    3. A Uniform Registry Number (URN)

    4. Name and address of the manufacturer or importer

    5. Country of Origin (as per Federal requirement).

    You can find a sample label here.

    AB 2998: Flame Retardant Materials

    AB 2998 is a bill enforced by the Bureau of Household Goods and Services (BHGS) of the state of California, which prohibits the sale of juvenile products such as pillows, comforters and other products that contain flame-retardant (FR) chemicals at levels above 1,000 parts per million (ppm).

    Note that “juvenile products” are defined as products designed for residential use by children under 12 years of age.

    Textiles Labeling

    Textiles products imported or manufactured in the United States, including beddings products, must have a label permanently attached or printed on it. This label often takes the form of a nylon patch sewn onto the item.

    According to the Federal Trade Commission’s labeling requirements for imported products such as sheets, covers, blankets, comforters, or pillows must carry the following information on the labels:

    • Fiber content (e.g. 100% cotton)
    • Country of origin
    • ASTM care labels

    Label file

    It’s recommended to design your textile label using vector graphics file formats such as .ai or .eps and provide it to your manufacturer before entering the production phase.

    Compliance Risks

    Pillows and bedding manufactured outside the United States are generally not designed to comply with US federal and state-level regulations. Overseas manufacturers rely on their customers to provide a list of applicable standards and ready-made label files they can apply directly to the product. Do not assume that pillow and bedding manufacturers in China, Europe, or India are even aware of pillow and bedding standards and requirements in the United States.

    Other Information

    Country of Origin

    19 CFR Part 134 requires that every product imported to the US must bear a Country of Origin mark, indicating the product’s source of origin, in a conspicuous and indelible way, to the consumers in the US.

    Examples

    • Made in Singapore
    • Made in Indonesia
    • Made in Costa Rica
    • Made in Congo

    Label file

    You must create a country of origin file and submit it to your manufacturer before starting mass production. We recommend that you provide a country of origin label file in .ai or .eps formats.

    California Proposition 65

    California Proposition 65 is a regulation enforced in the state of California since the ’80s, which imposes restrictions on the use of more than 1,000 kinds of chemical substances in general consumer products, including bedding products.

    Examples of restricted substances

    • AZO dyes
    • Aromatic amine
    • Formaldehyde

    California Proposition 65 Lab testing

    Importers are responsible for the safety of the products and should ensure the compliance of bedding products by testing them for relevant substances.

    Testing costs

    A package of California Proposition 65 compliance test cost at least $200. The price can go up depending on the number of products, materials, and colored dyes that need testing.

    Testing companies

    You find an overview of companies offering California Proposition 65 lab testing services in this article.

    Warning Labeling

    In some cases, instead of subjecting your product to California Proposition 65 third-party testing, it is permissible to attach a warning label to the product or its packaging.

    Product Packaging

    There are several product packaging regulations when importing products to the US. Therefore, importers should carefully refer to the corresponding acts concerning packaging materials for further information and guarantee the safety of product packaging.

    Heavy Metals Restrictions

    The usage of heavy metal in materials like dyes and printing inks is restricted by the product packaging regulations in the US, such as lead, cadmium, and mercury.

    To assess if the packaging respects these limitations, you shall contact a lab testing company such as SGS, TUV, or QIMA.

    Labeling Requirements

    Importers should inform the customers of all the applicable or required product compliance marks and symbols by distinctly printed/stitched/attached on the packaging.

    Bag Suffocation Warning

    For all Amazon sellers, it is required to add a bag suffocation warning to the poly bags on their products. This is also required by some states of the United States.

    Additional Resources

    1. States with Toxics in Packaging Laws (Link)

    2. Bag Suffocation Warning (Link)

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    Disclaimer: The content on this website is provided for general information only. The content includes summaries written by our team members based on publicly available information about product safety standards, labeling, documentation, testing, processes, and other product compliance related topics. However, we don’t guarantee that we cover every single relevant regulation/standard/requirement, or that the information is free from errors, or covering every single scenario and exemption. We do make mistakes from time to time. We never provide legal advice of any sort.

    Changes/Updates: Product standards and substance restrictions are subject to frequent updates and changes. In addition, new regulations, standards, and/or requirements may also become effective at any time. We don’t update our articles whenever new standards/regulations/rules are added or changed. We recommend that you consult a lab testing company or other professional to get the latest information about mandatory standards/regulations in your market, country, or state. Lab testing companies generally stay up to date on new and updated standards and regulations.

    National/State-Level Standards/Regulations: Many articles don't cover all European national and US state standards, regulations, and requirements. We recommend that you consult a testing company or other professional to confirm all relevant (and current) national/state level standards and regulations.
  • 2 Responses to “Bedding & Pillow Regulations in the United States: An Overview

    1. Laura at 6:24 pm

      Hi,

      where can I find the recording of this webiner?

      1. Fredrik Gronkvist at 3:29 pm

        Hi Laura,

        We do not provide recordings of webinars

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