• List of Products Covered by CPSIA: An Overview

    Posted on 7 Comments

    CPSIA Products List

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    The Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act (CPSIA) is applicable to all toys and other children’s products sold in the United States. In this guide, we list toys, babywear and other (often less obvious) products covered by CPSIA.

    Children’s Toys

    CPSIA compliance is mandatory for toys products that are intended for use by children of 12 years old or younger. As children can be hurt by unsafe toys in many ways, such as choking, burns, and poisoning, therefore, toy products must be compliant with all relevant ASTM safety standards as required by CPSIA.

    Most children’s toys are covered by ASTM F963 regarding the potential hazards and safety requirements.

    Examples

    Children’s Clothing & Babywear

    CPSIA covers all children’s clothing and babywear as it can be dangerous for children. For instance, a child can be strangled with hood or drawstring found in many children’s clothing or babywear.

    Also, children might choke on buttons that come loose on their clothing or get burned if their clothes catch fire. Finally, there are specific requirements for children’s clothing with strings.

    As such, children’s clothing or babywear may need to comply with the ASTM standards such as ASTM F1816 and ASTM D1230.

    Examples

    • Children jackets
    • Children socks
    • Children sleepers
    • Children romper
    • Children beanie hats

    Children’s Footwear

    Footwear that is non-compliant with CPSIA is subject to force recalls. In fact, CPSC has recalled children’s shoes due to laceration hazards cause by sharp edges. More in general, children’s footwear must be compliant before entering the US market.

    CPSIA also regulates hazardous substances such as lead and phthalate in all children’s product including footwear. In addition, the use of paint or surface coating on children’s shoes must not exceed 90 ppm.

    Examples

    • Children sandal
    • Children sneaker
    • Children snow boots
    • Children lace shoes
    • Children sports shoes

    Children’s Jewelry

    Children’s jewelry can be dangerous and cause harm to children. From the exposure to cadmium and lead to swallowing small metal jewelry components, non-compliant children’s jewelry might result in heavy fine or force-recall.

    As such, CPSC has worked with the ASTM to develop ASTM F2923 standard for addressing the potential hazards associated with children’s jewelry, such as chemical exposure, hazardous liquids, nickel sensitization, and strangulation.

    Examples

    • Children necklaces
    • Children rings
    • Children bracelets
    • Children earrings

    School and Stationery Items

    School and stationery products are generally used by both children and adults. However, by the CPSIA definitions, if the product is appropriate and potentially used by children, then it must also be compliant with CPSIA.

    For instance, stationary items such as pencil or crayons must not contain excessive hazardous substances such as lead, nickel, and mercury. Also, children may be vulnerable to laceration hazards caused by pencils or any other sharp-edge stationery items.

    Examples

    • Pens and pencils
    • Highlighters and markers
    • Crayons and paints
    • Papers and notebooks
    • Scissors and staplers

    Children’s Furniture

    Children’s furniture sets designed primarily for children 12 years of age or younger are also considered children’s products. That’s including furniture that is decorated with childish themes, sized for children or ordinarily marketed to children.

    With that said, children’s furniture such as children’s chairs must be compliant with CPISA before entering the US market.

    Further, certain children’s products are subjected to specific ASTM standards, for instance, ASTM F2613 – Safety Specification for Children’s Chairs and Stools, and ASTM F2906 – Standard Consumer Safety Specification for Bedside Sleepers.

    Examples

    • Children’s high chairs
    • Children’s bed
    • Children’s mattresses
    • Children’s chairs
    • Children’s beanbags

    Baby’s Cribs and Bassinets

    Baby’s cribs or bassinets are also covered by the CPSIA, and they must meet certain specific safety requirements. Also, they are considered as durable products.

    Manufacturers or importers of durable infant or toddler products, which are defined as products that are intended for children 5 years of age or younger, are required to provide postage-paid product registration cards with each product and place a permanent information label on the products.

    In addition, durable infant or toddler products are subject to specific ASTM standards such as ATSM F2236 – Standard consumer safety specification for soft infant and toddler carriers.

    Examples

    • Children’s cribs (Full-size)
    • Children’s cribs (Non-full-size)
    • Children’s travel crib
    • Children’s portable bassinets

    Baby’ Strollers and Carriers

    Strollers and carriers intended for use by children under the age of 5 years are also considered as a durable infant or toddler products, for which additional safety requirements might apply, to minimize the risk of deaths and injuries associated with the use of products.

    Baby’s strollers and carriers shall not contain excessive lead or phthalate on its surface coating, and they must be supported with relevant test reports or certifications. Further, ASTM F833 and ASTM F2236 provide safety specifications for strollers and carriers to ensure safety requirements.

    Additional Resources

    1. The Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act (CPSIA)

    2. CPSIA Tracking Label Guide For Importers & Amazon Sellers

    3. CPSIA Children’s Product Certificate (CPC)

    4. CPSIA and ASTM F963 Product Lab Testing

    5. Amazon Toys & Children’s Products Requirements For Sellers

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    Changes/Updates: Product standards and substance restrictions are subject to frequent updates and changes. In addition, new regulations, standards, and/or requirements may also become effective at any time. We don’t update our articles whenever new standards/regulations/rules are added or changed. We recommend that you consult a lab testing company or other professional to get the latest information about mandatory standards/regulations in your market, country, or state. Lab testing companies generally stay up to date on new and updated standards and regulations.

    National/State-Level Standards/Regulations: Many articles don't cover all European national and US state standards, regulations, and requirements. We recommend that you consult a testing company or other professional to confirm all relevant (and current) national/state level standards and regulations.
  • 7 Responses to “List of Products Covered by CPSIA: An Overview

    1. Hunter at 4:38 am

      Does adult safety footwear require testing or certification?

      1. Fredrik Gronkvist at 1:21 pm

        Probably, but not related to CPSIA

    2. Gigi at 12:22 pm

      How about educational posters/charts? are these exempted? Thanks

    3. Jennifer Olson at 5:44 am

      Does synthetic leather need to be tested?

      1. Fredrik Gronkvist at 12:28 pm

        Hi Jennifer,

        I don’t see why it would be exempt from CPSIA testing.

    4. Marta at 10:40 pm

      Congratulations. Very useful information , I only doubt remains:
      food contact articles must comply with CPSIA? For example ceramicware for children, must comply with the specific requirement of section 101 of the CPSIA law that specified that “all children’s products manufactured in or imported into the United States must not contain more than 100 parts per million (ppm) of total lead content in accessible parts.

      Thank you.

      1. Fredrik Gronkvist at 12:43 pm

        Hi Marta,

        Yes, children’s food contact products must be CPSIA compliant and lab tested

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