• LED Lighting Safety Standards in the United States: An Overview

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    LED lighting Safety Standards in the US

    Planning to import or sell LED lighting products in the United States? In this guide, we cover what US importers and Amazon sellers must know about relevant safety standards, energy efficiency rules, labeling requirements, documentation, and lab testing.

    Mentioned Products

    • LED light bulbs
    • LED high bay
    • LED decking light
    • LED strip light
    • Smart home products
    • IoT products

    FCC Part 15

    FCC

    LED lighting products imported and sold in the United States are subject to FCC rules that regulate interference on telecommunication networks and frequency spectrum. For example, LED light bulbs that operate at certain frequencies are covered by FCC Part 15 for both unintentional and intentional radiators.

    Unintentional Radiators

    Most electronic products containing a chip are considered unintentional radiators. Therefore, LED lighting products shall comply with the FCC rules before importing to the US. For example, the radiated emission shall be limited within 30MHz and 10000 MHz.

    Intentional Radiators

    Wi-Fi or Bluetooth enable LED lighting devices are considered intentional radiators. So, if you are planning to import smart home and IoT LED lighting products, your product must also comply with the intentional radiators’ requirements as specified in the FCC Part 15.

    FCC Testing

    FCC-recognized companies can help you to verify your LED lighting product compliance before importing it to the US market. Testing companies such as Intertek, Metlabs, and TUV, provide FCC part verification and Part 15 certification services for LED lighting products.

    Further, note that lab test reports or certification issued by non-FCC accredited testing companies may not be valid.

    Click here to find more FCC test companies and their FCC services.

    FCC Supplier Declaration of Conformity (SDoC)

    LED lighting importers or manufacturers shall also issue an SDoC when placing in the US market. The new SDoC rule requires that the company must be located in the United States. Otherwise, the test report or certification is not valid for FCC compliance.

    FCC SDoC Content Overview

    • Issuing company
    • Address
    • Phone/Fax
    • Product name
    • Model number
    • Applicable standard (e.g. FCC Part 15, Subpart B, Intentional Radiators)
    • Representative name and signature
    • Date

    Note: A valid SDoC shall be supported by all relevant test reports according to the requirements.

    FCC Mark

    FCC mark is now optional for electronic products.

    CPSC Regulations

    The Consumer Product Safety Act (CPSA) regulates seasonal and decorative lighting such as Christmas light stripes. Importers shall comply with the safety requirements provided by CPSC before importing lighting products to the United States.

    Examples of seasonal and decorative lighting requirements:

    • LED lighting wire size
    • Strain relief for lighting wire
    • Overcurrent protection

    Lab Testing

    CPSC has recalled many LED lighting products in the past due to electrical shock hazards, light replacement hazards, and other safety risks. It’s therefore important to get the product lab tested by a CPSC accepted testing company before you import and sell LED and other lighting products in the United States.

    Click here to find a list of CPSC accepted testing labs.

    UL Standards

    Underwriter Laboratories (UL) develops safety standards for electronic products, including LED bulb lights and other LED lighting products. UL standards are generally voluntary. However, Amazon and many US states require that LED lighting is compliant with certain UL standards.

    Here are some UL standards that apply to LED lighting products:

    • UL 588 – standards for safety for seasonal and holiday decorative products
    • UL 8750 – standards for LED equipment for use in lighting products
    • UL 8753 – standards for replaceable LED light engines
    • UL 2592 – standard for low voltage LED wire

    Click here to find more applicable standards for LED lighting products.

    UL Certification

    There’s more than one way to ensure that your products are UL compliant:

    UL Listing: UL listed product has been tested upon those applicable requirements, and are deemed safe to be placed in the market.

    UL Recognition: UL recognition means the product component (e.g power supply) has been tested and it is safe to be placed in the market.

    UL Classification: To indicate that UL has tested and evaluated with respect to certain properties of the product.

    Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA)

    The EPCA applies to LED lighting products (e.g LED decking light) imported and sold in the US market. EPCA sets mandatory requirements regarding energy efficiency and energy production stating compliance with applicable standards.

    LED lighting importers shall provide a verifiable and legibly energy efficiency label on the products and their packaging. The label shall include information such as:

    • The maker model
    • Estimated yearly operating cost
    • Estimated yearly electricity use
    • Key features listing
    • Energy star label (if applicable)

    Energy Efficiency Testing

    Reputable testing companies such as Intertek and MET Laboratories provides energy guide testing services to manufacturers, retailers, and buyers. They can verify if your products meet the minimum efficiency standards, and ensure labeling requirements.

    RoHS

    Many US states enforce a regulation similar to the European Union’s RoHS directive, which set limits to certain heavy metal commonly used in electronic devices such as LED strip light.

    Here are some US states which require RoHS compliance:

    • California
    • Florida
    • Maryland
    • New York
    • Washington

    Heavy metal limits:

    • Lead (0.1%)
    • Cadmium (0.01%)
    • Mercury (0.1%)
    • Hexavalent Chromium (0.1%)
    • PBBs (0.1%)
    • PBDEs (0.1%)

    Note: The exact limits may differ. Please contact a lab testing company for an up to date list of heavy metals limitations in the United States.

    Risks

    LED lighting products manufactured overseas are not exclusively made to comply with US standards and regulations.  For example, most LED products manufactured in China are not UL tested, or even designed to pass UL testing. This can also be said about FCC compliance and energy efficiency.

    The bottom line is that compliance and general safety cannot be taken for granted when importing LED lighting to the United States. It’s therefore critical to work with manufacturers that have a solid compliance track record and follow up with third-party testing before shipping LED lithing products into the United States.

    Other Regulations

    Here’s an overview of additional regulations and standards which may also apply when importing LED lighting products to the United States:

    Country of Origin

    All products imported and sold in the United States must carry a country of origin label on the products and its packaging. The country of origin label must be permanent and visibly attached in English.

    Examples

    • Made in China
    • Made in Thailand
    • Made in the United States
    • Made in Vietnam

    California Proposition 65

    If you are planning to sell your LED lighting products in California, you may also need to comply with CA Prop 65. CA Prop 65 regulates over 800 hazardous substances in all consumer products, and importers must carry a warning label if it contains excessive amounts of those restricted substances.

    Examples of restricted substances

    • Lead
    • Cadmium
    • Acetamide
    • Chloroform
    • Colchicine
    • Mercury

    Product Packaging

    The product packaging shall also comply with the US packaging requirements. For example, the level of heavy metals in packaging shall maintain at an acceptable level. Further, all compliance marks shall be printed on the product packaging.

    You can find the packaging laws in different US states here.

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    Disclaimer: The content on this website is provided for general information only. The content includes summaries written by our team members based on publicly available information about product safety standards, labeling, documentation, testing, processes, and other product compliance related topics. However, we don’t guarantee that we cover every single relevant regulation/standard/requirement, or that the information is free from errors, or covering every single scenario and exemption. We do make mistakes from time to time. We never provide legal advice of any sort.

    Changes/Updates: Product standards and substance restrictions are subject to frequent updates and changes. In addition, new regulations, standards, and/or requirements may also become effective at any time. We don’t update our articles whenever new standards/regulations/rules are added or changed. We recommend that you consult a lab testing company or other professional to get the latest information about mandatory standards/regulations in your market, country, or state. Lab testing companies generally stay up to date on new and updated standards and regulations.

    National/State-Level Standards/Regulations: Many articles don't cover all European national and US state standards, regulations, and requirements. We recommend that you consult a testing company or other professional to confirm all relevant (and current) national/state level standards and regulations.
  • 1 Responses to “LED Lighting Safety Standards in the United States: An Overview

    1. LED Manufacturer at 11:01 am

      Everything is clear to me now after reading this blog. Indeed informative and reliable. Thank you for posting this, great work.

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