California Proposition 65 regulates chemicals and heavy metals in consumer products sold in the state of California. In this guide, we list some products covered by CA Prop 65, including clothing textiles, accessories, watches and more.
What is California Proposition 65?
CA Prop 65 restricts more than 800 chemicals and heavy metals in consumer products. For example, textiles containing excessive amounts of lead (as in, above the set limits) cannot be sold in California. That said, there are some exemptions for small companies, and if the products carry a warning label.
CA Prop 65 compliance can only be verified through third-party lab testing. Most major testing companies, such as Intertek and QIMA offers CA Prop 65 testing.
Apparel & Textiles
Some restricted chemical substances and heavy metals by California Proposition 65 could be found in apparel and textile products, such as phthalates, lead, and cadmium. These chemical substances are used during the manufacturing processes of textiles and their accessories.
- PU leather skirts and pants
- Vinyl shirts
Jewelry and Accessories
California Proposition 65 regulates the amount of heavy metals and other substances contained in jewelry. One of the most notable chemicals that are used during the manufacturing process of jewelry is cadmium, which often added to jewelry to impart specific technical and functional attributes to the metals.
Other than cadmium, the following toxic heavy metal substances are often found for the making of the jewelry, which is banned or restricted by California Prop 65:
Below you find some examples of products that might contain the above-mentioned restricted substances.
- Pearl products
- Crystal and glass jewelry
- Gem products
A long list of toxic chemicals is restricted by California Proposition 65 to be used in the making of watches and its components such as the strap, case, and others, such as lead, nickel, PVC, antimony, arsenic, chromium, mercury, barium, cadmium, or selenium.
- Plastic Watches
- Stainless Steel Watches
- Ceramic Watches
- Wooden Watches
- Watch straps
Toxic chemicals such as flame retardant chemical, phthalate, PVC, hydrogen cyanide could sometimes be found in the coatings of plastic toys. Such substances are banned or restricted by California Proposition 65 in the use of consumer products, including toys.
Other than toys that are made of plastic, toys that contain or made of materials such as plush, fabric, wood, ceramic, rubber or other materials, could contain restricted toxic substances under the regulation of California Proposition 65.
- Plastic toys
- Plush dolls
- Wooden toys
- Ceramic toys
Toxic chemical substances and heavy metals that can be found within the electronic products (including the casing) include lead, PBDE, antimony, PVC and more. All the above-mentioned chemical substances are restricted or banned to be used by California Proposition 65.
However, California Proposition 65 only regulates the concentration and usage of toxins, chemical substances, and heavy metals and other pollutants in electronic products.
Electric safety and standards are not covered by CA Prop 65, importers should refer to other federal or state electrical safety codes or regulations like CPSC, CPSA, FCC, or UL standards, although the latter is often voluntary.
- LED lighting
- A/C adapters
Newly-purchased furniture generally gives out odors that contain harmful chemical substances such as formaldehyde, ammonia, benzene, TVOC, and other volatile organic gas. Fluoride and fire retardants are also very commonly detected in various kinds of sofas, which can cause health issues such as liver cancer, kidney cancer, reproductive and developmental issues to the users.
- Chemical fiber carpet
- Upholstered Furniture
- Wooden chairs
Beauty & Care Products
In recent years, reports against cosmetic products on exceeding amounts of toxins has been heard more often. Non-compliant cosmetics often contain heavy metal substances such as arsenic, cadmium, lead, mercury, nickel, asbestine, formaldehyde, toluene. These toxins can cause harm to the skin, brain and nervous system and even cancer and, as such, they are under the purview of California Proposition 65.
Stationery products such as erasers and correction fluid sometimes contain dangerously high concentrations of multiple chemicals that are listed in California Proposition 65 as restricted substances harmful to human health.
For example, one of the most commonly detected categories of toxic chemical substances is plasticizers, which are often used in erasers. An excessive amount of plasticizers could pose a serious threat to a child’s health, since a lot of children use erasers on a daily basis, and some of them have a habit of sucking or biting the erasers.
- correction fluid
- Oil pastels
- Book protectors