• Product Safety Standards & Regulations in Puerto Rico: An Overview

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    Puerto Rico Product Safety Regulations

    Planning to sell products in Puerto Rico? Then you may need to ensure compliance with local product compliance requirements, covering labeling, licenses, and lab testing. This guide covers such requirements applicable to textiles, jewelry, and electronic cigarettes.

    Important: This article only serves as an introduction to safety requirements, substance restrictions, labeling, certification, and other compliance requirements in Puerto Rico. It is not a complete guide and is not kept up to date. Further, keep in mind that national product regulations (e.g. CPSIA) may apply.

    Textile Products Labeling Act

    The Textile Products Labeling Act sets up rules for textile products sold in Puerto Rico, such as clothing and towels. It specifies requirements for labeling information and registration.

    Product Scope

    The requirements of the Puerto Rico Textile Products Labeling Act apply to products such as:

    • Apparels
    • Carpets and rugs
    • Textile wall furnishings
    • Towels

    Requirements

    Under the Puerto Rico Textile Products Labeling Act, it is illegal to manufacture or sell any textile product that is falsely labeled or unlabeled. Any textile products sold or distributed in Puerto Rico must be properly labeled according to the requirements of this act.

    A textile product is considered falsely labeled under these conditions:

    a. The information provided on the product label, invoice, or bill of lading does not reflect the nature or composition of the product

    b. The label claims that the textile product is made of animal skin but in reality, it is not

    c. The textile product is used but the label does not contain this information

    d. The textile label does not include the name of the country where the product was manufactured or processed

    Documentation

    This act requires manufacturers, distributors, or resellers of textile products in Puerto Rico to register with the Department of Consumer Affairs and provide the following information:

    • The name of the manufacturer, or the agent, or representative
    • Office address of his office or main business
    • Telephone number

    Labeling

    Any information on the textile label should be written in Spanish and/or English and should include the fibers or combination of fibers contained in the textile product by their generic name.

    The trade name of the fibers may be indicated next to the generic name. If a fiber represents less than 5% in the product, it should be labeled as “another fiber” or “other fibers”.

    Purchase and Sale of Precious Metals and Stones Regulation

    The Purchase and Sale of Precious Metals and Stones Regulation of Puerto Rico set purchase, sales, and registration requirements for precious metals and stones used as jewelry, decorations, or other products.

    Product Scope

    The requirements of this regulation apply to precious metals including but are not limited to the following:

    • Gold
    • Silver
    • Platinum
    • Sterling silver
    • Rhodium
    • Palladium

    This regulation also covers precious or semiprecious stones or gems such as the following:

    • Diamond
    • Emerald
    • Ruby
    • Sapphire
    • Amethyst
    • Agate
    • Spinel
    • Jasper
    • Onyx
    • Opal
    • Topaz
    • Turquoise
    • Pearl

    Requirements

    The Purchase and Sale of Precious Metals and Stones Regulation of Puerto Rico require that any person who engages in the trade of precious metals or precious stones must obtain the purchased license from the Secretary of the Treasury of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.

    Documentation

    Under this regulation, every trader of precious metals or precious stones should keep a record in Spanish or English of each transaction or purchase of precious metals or precious stones. The record should include the following information:

    a. The name of the buyer or of his employee or agent who makes the purchase

    b. The name, address, and age of the vendor

    c. The place, date, time, and price of purchase

    d. Description of the purchased article, i.e. the type, weight, engraved name, or mark, if applicable

    e. A copy of the receipt signed by both the buyer and the seller and identification of the precious metal or stones.

    Puerto Rican Arts and Crafts

    The Puerto Rican Arts and Crafts is a labeling regulation for souvenirs sold in Puerto Rico, such as key chains, magnets, or photo frames. It sets requirements concerning the manufacturing country of origin of such products.

    Product Scope

    This regulation applies to souvenirs such as:

    • Key chains
    • Refrigerator magnets
    • Stickers
    • Coffee mugs
    • Figurines
    • Miniature license plates

    Requirements

    This regulation prohibits the sales, importing, or distribution of articles that are not manufactured in Puerto Rico but include the phrases like “Souvenir of Puerto Rico”, or “Puerto Rico” on the label.

    E-Cigarette Regulations

    The e-Cigarette Regulations establish requirements regarding the packaging, purchase, sales, and marketing of e-Cigarettes and vaporizers sold in Puerto Rico.

    Product Scope

    The requirements of Puerto Rico e-Cigarette Regulations apply to electronic cigarettes such as:

    • Vaporizers
    • Electronic water pipes
    • Electronic pipes

    Requirements

    The regulations prohibit the sales of electronic cigarettes to persons under the age of 18. Additionally, sellers of electronic cigarettes should not place advertisements or commercial notices for electronic cigarettes within 500 feet of the following venues:

    • Public or private schools
    • Cinemas
    • Theaters
    • Parks

    Labeling

    If the electronic liquid contains nicotine, the packaging of the liquid containers must indicate the volume of the nicotine solution.

    Lab Testing

    Manufacturers or sellers of electronic cigarettes must make sure their products comply with the requirements of the Puerto Rico e-Cigarette Regulations. They should consult with a qualified laboratory to confirm whether their products comply with these regulations, for instance by assessing the volume of nicotine solution, when the products contain nicotine content.

    Act for the Promotion of Reusable Bags and Regulation of Plastic Bags in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico

    This act prohibits retail shop owners from providing disposable bags to customers in Puerto Rico.

    Product Scope

    The ban on disposable plastic bags is applicable in certain commercial environments such as grocery stores and retail stores.

    This ban does not apply to packages for these products or venues:

    • Meat
    • Handle-less plastic bags
    • Packages used to transport farm products
    • Restaurants

    Requirements

    This act prohibits retail stores and other commercial stores from providing disposable plastic bags to customers. It does not prohibit the customers from using their own plastic bags in the stores to carry their articles and products.

    Product Liability Law

    Manufacturers in Puerto Rico have the responsibility to ensure that their products are safe for consumers to use, and they are liable for the defects that cause injury or loss to consumers.

    Product Scope

    The product liability law applies to consumer products circulated in the market. Examples of covered products categories include:

    Requirements

    According to article 1544 of the Civil Code of Puerto Rico, manufacturers should be held liable for the following defects that happen to the product:

    a. Design defect (e.g. manufacturers do not design the product properly to avoid potential dangers during the designing process)

    b. Manufacturing defect (e.g. manufacturers do not assemble the product properly during the production process)

    c. Marketing defect (e.g. manufacturers do not provide sufficient warnings or instructions)

    Labeling

    Manufacturers have the responsibility of providing sufficient warnings or instructions to the consumers in order to avoid damages.

    Learn More

    Regulation Website
    Textile Products Labeling Act Link
    Purchase and Sale of Precious Metals and Stones Regulation Link
    Puerto Rican Arts and Crafts Link
    e-Cigarette Regulations Link
    Act for the Promotion of Reusable Bags and Regulation of Plastic Bags in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico Link
    Product Liability Law Link
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    Disclaimer: The content on this website is provided for general information only. The content includes summaries written by our team members based on publicly available information about product safety standards, labeling, documentation, testing, processes, and other product compliance related topics. However, we don’t guarantee that we cover every single relevant regulation/standard/requirement, or that the information is free from errors, or covering every single scenario and exemption. We do make mistakes from time to time. We never provide legal advice of any sort.

    Changes/Updates: Product standards and substance restrictions are subject to frequent updates and changes. In addition, new regulations, standards, and/or requirements may also become effective at any time. We don’t update our articles whenever new standards/regulations/rules are added or changed. We recommend that you consult a lab testing company or other professional to get the latest information about mandatory standards/regulations in your market, country, or state. Lab testing companies generally stay up to date on new and updated standards and regulations.

    National/State-Level Standards/Regulations: Many articles don't cover all European national and US state standards, regulations, and requirements. We recommend that you consult a testing company or other professional to confirm all relevant (and current) national/state level standards and regulations.
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