Product Safety Standards and Regulations in Virginia: An Overview

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Virginia Product Safety Standards

Planning to sell or manufacture products in Virginia? In this guide, we introduce you to safety standards, chemical restrictions, and other compliance requirements applicable to food packaging, beddings, cosmetics, and other products.

Important: This article only serves as an introduction to safety requirements, substance restrictions, labeling, certification, and other compliance requirements in Virginia. It is not a complete guide and is not kept up to date. Further, keep in mind that national product regulations (e.g. CPSIA) apply in all states.

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Virginia Waste Management Act

The Virginia Waste Management Act covers litter control, waste management, recycling, collection, and more. Here, we focus on several sections of the Act that apply to the substance restriction and waste management of consumer products and packaging.

Expanded Polystyrene Food Service Containers Prohibited

The Act requires that after July 1, 2025, no food vendor shall offer food to customers served in expanded polystyrene containers.

Product Scope

This Act covers the following type of expanded polystyrene food service containers:

  • Plates
  • Bowls
  • Clamshell food containers
  • Trays
  • Beverage cups and lids

Requirements

Article 3, Chapter 14 of the Virginia Waste Management Act requires that beginning from July 1, 2025, it is forbidden for any type of food vendor to dispense prepared food to customers in an expanded polystyrene food service container.

Labeling of Plastic Container Products Required

Article 3, Chapter 14 of the Virginia Waste Management Act prohibits the sales, distribution of any plastic bottle or rigid plastic container that does not bear the triangulated arrows label indicating the plastic resin used to produce the container.

Product Scope

The requirements of this section apply to single-use plastic bottles or containers of capacity less than 5 gallons.

Labeling

Under this section, plastic containers must contain three triangulated arrows with acronyms placed below the triangle of arrows. The center of the triangulated arrows will display number 1 – 7, depending on the type of plastic container.

These arrows should be placed at the bottom of the containers made of the following type of materials:

  • Polyethylene terephthalate = PETE 1
  • High-density polyethylene = HDPE 2
  • Vinyl = V 3
  • Low-density polyethylene = LDPE 4
  • Polypropylene = PP 5
  • Polystyrene = PS 6
  • Other plastic resin = OTHER 7

You can find an example of the plastic recycling symbol here.

Plastic Holding Device Prohibited

The Virginia Waste Management Act prohibits the packed beverage cans sold in the form connected by plastic holding rings or devices.

Product Scope

The requirements of this section apply to plastic rings or other devices that are used to connect the beverage bottles, cans, or jars.

Requirements

Article 3, Chapter 14 of the Virginia Waste Management Act requires that it is unlawful to sell beverage containers that are connected by plastic rings or other non-degradable nor recyclable plastic.

Material Containing Fully Halogenated Chloro-fluorocarbons Prohibited

The Virginia Waste Management Act forbids the manufacturer, sales, and distribution of packaging materials that contain fully halogenated chloro-fluorocarbons as a blowing or expansion agent.

Product Scope

Examples of packaging materials that could contain fully halogenated chloro-fluorocarbons include:

  • Food packaging
  • Styrofoam plates
  • Styrofoam bowls
  • Fast-food containers
  • Packing cushions

Requirements

Article 3, Chapter 14 of the Virginia Waste Management Act prohibits the manufacture, sales, or distribution of packaging materials that contain fully halogenated chloro-fluorocarbons as a blowing or expansion agent.

Products Containing Trichloroethylene Prohibited

The Virginia Waste Management Act prohibits the sales or distribution of household products containing trichloroethylene.

Product Scope

Trichloroethylene is often used in these products:

  • Cleaning wipes
  • Aerosol cleaning products
  • Tool cleaners
  • Paint removers
  • Spray adhesives
  • Carpet cleaners and spot removers

Requirements

Article 3, Chapter 14 of the Virginia Waste Management Act prohibits the sales or distribution of household products containing trichloroethylene.

Computer Recovery and Recycling Act

The Computer Recovery and Recycling Act requires that manufacturers of computers must establish and execute a recycling plan according to certain rules set forth in the section under this Act.

Product Scope

The Computer Recovery and Recycling Act applies to computer equipment such as desktop computers and laptop computers.

Requirements

The Computer Recovery and Recycling Act requires that manufacturers of computers should comply with the following steps before selling in Virginia:

a. Adopt and implement a recovery plan

b. Affix a permanent and conspicuous label to the computer equipment with the manufacturer’s brand name

Also, the manufacturer’s recycling plan must take the following factors into consideration when making the recycling plan:

a. The plan should enable a consumer to recycle computer equipment without paying a separate fee at the time of recycling

b. The collection process must be convenient and available to consumers and able to meet the collection needs of consumers

c. Manufacturers may use the existing recycling infrastructure and try to cooperate with other parties such as the retailers, recyclers, and reuse organizations to maximize the recycling efficiency and achieve resource integration

d. Manufacturers should provide collection, recycling, and reuse information on computer’s packaging, the company’s official website, and to the Department of Environmental Quality

Labeling

Manufacturers of computer equipment should affix a permanent label with the company’s brand information. In addition, the packaging of the computer should contain collection, recycling, and reuse information.

Lab Testing

Lab tests might be required in order to comply with the substance restriction or prohibition requirements set forth by the Virginia Waste Management Act, such as chloro-fluorocarbons, trichloroethylene on packaging and construction products.

Humane Cosmetics Act

The Humane Cosmetics Act prohibits the import, manufacture, sales, or distribution of cosmetic products that use animals as testing or experimenting subjects after January 1, 2022.

Product Scope

This Act applies to cosmetics and personal hygiene products such as the following:

  • Shampoo
  • Deodorants
  • Shower gels
  • Lip balms
  • Moisturizer
  • Nail polish

Requirements

The Humane Cosmetics Act prohibits the import, manufacture, and sales of cosmetic products or cosmetic components that use animals as the testing subjects to verify the safety of the products.

Lab Testing

Before importing cosmetic products to the State of Virginia, importers and distributors must confirm with manufacturers and lab testing companies that the cosmetic products and components were not tested on animals.

Regulations for Bedding and Upholstered Furniture Inspection Program

The Regulations for Bedding and Upholstered Furniture Inspection Program requires that importers, manufacturers, or distributors of bedding or upholstered furniture must obtain a license from the State Health Commissioner. In addition, the bedding or upholstered product should include a law label with the company’s information on it.

Product Scope

This Program applies to bedding and upholstered furniture that is used by humans for sleeping or reclining purposes such as:

  • Mattress
  • Mattress pad
  • Boxspring
  • Upholstered bed
  • Davenport
  • Futon
  • Sofa bed
  • Quilted pad
  • Packing pads
  • Hammock pad
  • Comforter
  • Pillow

Requirements

The Regulations for the Bedding and Upholstered Furniture Inspection Program require that importers and manufacturers of bedding products and upholstered furniture must register with the State Health Commissioner and apply for the registration number.

Covered products must include a law label containing product and manufacturer’s information.

Labeling

Importers and manufacturers must attach a law label to the bedding products and upholstered furniture with the size not less than six square inches and contain the following information in English:

a. Name and address of the company (importer or manufacturer or distributor)

b. Company’s registration number

c. Type of filling material used in the product

d. A statement that the filling materials are new

f. Permit number issued to the person sterilizing the new feathers, hair, down or other filling materials

Here is an example of the law label for new bedding and upholstered furniture:

_____________________________________

UNDER PENALTY OF LAW THIS TAG NOT TO BE REMOVED EXCEPT BY CONSUMER

_____________________________________

ALL NEW MATERIAL

CONSISTING OF

_____________________________________

REG. NO.

_____________________________________

Certification is made by the manufacturer

that the materials in this article are

described in accordance with law.

_____________________________________

MADE BY

(NAME OF MANUFACTURER OR VENDOR)

(ADDRESS OF MANUFACTURER OR VENDOR)

Date of Delivery ___________________________

(Additional Information)

Reduction of Heavy Metals in Packaging Act

The Reduction of Heavy Metals in Packaging Act of Virginia restricts the use of certain heavy metals in product packaging and its components.

Product Scope

Packaging includes consumer product packaging and food packaging such as:

  • Cases
  • Crates
  • Cups
  • Wrapping foil
  • Trays
  • Wrappers
  • Bags

This Act also covers components of the product packaging, such as:

  • Inks
  • Pigments
  • Adhesives
  • Coatings
  • Paper label

Requirements

This Act restricts the content level of the following heavy metal on the packaging or its component to be less than 0.01% by weight:

  • Lead
  • Cadmium
  • Mercury
  • Hexavalent chromium

Documentation

This Act requires manufacturers and distributors of the packaging must draft and maintain a Certificate of Compliance stating that a package or packaging components comply with the heavy metal level requirements.

Manufacturers or distributors should provide the Certificate of Compliance to the state authorities, purchasers, or the public when being requested.

Lab Testing

Manufacturers and distributors of covered product packaging should arrange heavy metal lab tests on their products and the packaging components according to relevant test methods or the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Test Methods for Evaluating Solid Waste, S-W 846.

Learn More

Regulation Website
Virginia Waste Management Act Link
Humane Cosmetics Act Link
Regulations for Bedding and Upholstered Furniture Inspection Program Link
Reduction of Heavy Metals in Packaging Act Link
  • (USA & EU)

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    Disclaimer: The content on this website is provided for general information only. The content includes summaries written by our team members based on publicly available information about product safety standards, labeling, documentation, testing, processes, and other product compliance related topics. However, we don’t guarantee that we cover every single relevant regulation/standard/requirement, or that the information is free from errors, or covering every single scenario and exemption. We do make mistakes from time to time. We never provide legal advice of any sort.

    Changes/Updates: Product standards and substance restrictions are subject to frequent updates and changes. In addition, new regulations, standards, and/or requirements may also become effective at any time. We don’t update our articles whenever new standards/regulations/rules are added or changed. We recommend that you consult a lab testing company or other professional to get the latest information about mandatory standards/regulations in your market, country, or state. Lab testing companies generally stay up to date on new and updated standards and regulations.

    National/State-Level Standards/Regulations: Many articles don't cover all European national and US state standards, regulations, and requirements. We recommend that you consult a testing company or other professional to confirm all relevant (and current) national/state level standards and regulations.
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