UN 38.3 Requirements for Lithium Batteries: A Practical Guide

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UN 38.3 guide
Planning to ship lithium batteries by air into the United States, the European Union, or other markets? In this article, we explain what importers and manufacturers should know about UN 38.3 and the International Air Transport Association’s (IATA) Dangerous Goods Regulations (DGR) requirements.

We explain the requirements regarding testing, the shipper’s declaration, and how to package lithium batteries and subsequently label these for air transport.
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E-Bike Regulation & Standards in the European Union: An Overview

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E-bike Regulations in European Union

E-bikes are subject to various regulations and safety standards in the European Union. These cover everything mechanical safety of the bike frame to battery safety and electrical compliance requirements.

In this guide, we explain what importers and manufacturers must know about the Machinery Directive, EN 15194, CE marking, documentation, and lab testing requirements applicable to e-bikes.

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Pet Product Regulations in the US: A Practical Guide

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Pet toys and accessories imported and manufactured in the United States are subject to various consumer product regulations and standards. In this guide, we cover chemicals and heavy metals restrictions, flammability requirements, and labeling requirements for pet products in general.

Here are some examples of pet products to which this guide is relevant:

  • Pet toys
  • Pet accessories
  • Pet clothing
  • Dog beds
  • Cat scratching trees
  • Pet food

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United States Product Labeling Requirements: An Overview

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Planning to import or manufacture products in the United States? In this article, we explain what you must know about product and packaging labeling requirements, covering clothing, electronics, children’s products, and more.

Note that this article covers both federal and some state-level labeling requirements. That being said, this is not an exhaustive list of labeling requirements in the United States.
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Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS) Guide for Importers and Manufacturers

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Generally Recognized As Safe
The US FDA designates substances as Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS) if experts have determined via scientific processes that said substances do not pose any inherent health risks. Substances that are GRAS can be found on the FDA’s Food Additives Status List.

This guide covers what GRAS is, food ingredients that have been sanctioned before the implementation of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetics (FD&C) Act, and which direct and indirect food substances are affirmed as GRAS.

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Pet Product Regulations in the EU: A Practical Guide

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Planning to import and sell pet products in the European Union? In this guide, we cover essential EU regulations and standards that impact pet toys and accessories. This includes REACH, the General Product Safety Directive (GPSD), and the European Union Timber Regulation (EUTR).

Notice that regulations covering pet food or drugs are not included in this article.
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How often should a product be lab tested?

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Lab testing frequency

Are you an importer or a manufacturer looking to test your product? Whether you need to identify the chemical composition of your product or you want to assess if your product meets the relevant safety requirements, ‘laboratory testing’ should be considered.

That being said, lab testing is not necessarily a “one and done” thing. For starters, you can expect that you will need to re-arrange testing if you ever change materials, components, make design changes, or manufacturer. It is also necessary to re-test products as standards are amended, and new standards are implemented.

However, some regulations require that you go one step further and implement a periodic lab testing program – even without any such changes.

This article presents information relating to how frequently lab testing should be done. In addressing the question, we compare several US and EU product regulations. This includes the CPSIA and FCC 47 CFR Part 15 in the US, and the Toy Safety and the EMC Directive in the EU.

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European Union Product Labelling Requirements: A Complete Guide

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Planning to import or export products to the European Union? In this guide, we explain what you must know about CE marking, WEEE symbol, textiles labels, tracking ID, and other mandatory labelling requirements in the European Union.

You will also learn which file formats to use when creating your label files and how to instruct your supplier.
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Amazon Electronics Requirements For Sellers: An Overview

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Amazon Electronics Requirements

Electronics sellers on Amazon must ensure compliance with a range of product regulations and safety standards. In this guide, we cover the basics of Amazon requirements concerning electronics standards, labeling requirements, testing, and packaging.

Note

This guide only covers product regulations, standards, and other requirements for selling on Amazon in the United States (e.g. FCC 47 CFR Part 15). However, the same principles apply when selling products on Amazon in the European Union (e.g. the EMC Directive), Australia, Japan, and elsewhere.

Further, Amazon can change its terms and requirements at will. This article serves as an introduction, but not a replacement for the up-to-date seller requirements on Amazon Seller Central.

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Amazon Toys & Children’s Products Requirements Guide for Sellers

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Amazon Toy Children Products Requirements

Planning to sell toys or other children’s products on Amazon? In this article, we explain what Amazon sellers must know about relevant regulations, mandatory safety standards, certification, labeling, and lab testing rules.

More specifically, this guide covers compliance requirements for toys, children’s jewelry, children’s furniture, clothing, baby products, and other related products.

We also explain what documents Amazon’s compliance team often requests from companies selling toys and other children’s products on their platform.

Note

This guide only covers product regulations, standards, and other requirements for selling on Amazon in the United States (e.g. CPSIA). However, the same principles apply when selling products on Amazon in the European Union (e.g. Toy Safety Directive), Australia, Japan, and elsewhere.

Further, Amazon can change its terms and requirements at will. This article serves as an introduction, but not a replacement for the up-to-date seller requirements on Amazon Seller Central.
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